Know Your Skin Structure!


Before starting any organic skincare regime, you should know first the skin structure and how it works.

So many individuals purchase non-organic and organic skin care products –  without knowing their skin structure.

This can lead to a waste of time, effort and money in purchasing and then applying the skin care products. Most of the reasons is that many don't know what the skin is made of, and that the skin is an organic tissue, which reacts to stress, nutrition and environment.

As such, you must know what your skin is made up of. You will then be able to choose the right products that will truly address your needs for smoother, healthier and more beautiful skin.

At first, take a glance at this skin diagram, which will help you understand better all this information.

What is epidermis? 

The epidermis is the upper layer of our skin and is comparatively thinner than the rest of the other two deeper layers. The eyelids have the thinnest epidermis of the entire body, which explains why skincare experts firmly advice against applying harsh chemicals and strong pressure on these facial parts. Otherwise, skin irritations can result, to say the least.


The skin cells in the epidermis are known as keratinocytes, which originate from its basal layer. This is the deepest layer in the epidermis with the other four being the spinosum, granulosum, licidum and corneum. As the keratinocytes come up toward the skin’s surface, these are shed off and replaced by younger cells coming from below. This explains the need for gentle washing and exfoliation of skin to aid the shedding of old skin cells.

What is the dermis?

It is the middle layer in the skin structure. A thick layer of elastic and fibrous tissues including collagen and elastin, it has the most number of sweat and oil glands, blood vessels, nerve endings and hair follicles than the other two layers. It is also the layer that gives skin strength, flexibility and suppleness.

Because of the number of parts in the dermis , it is considered the most sensitive part of the skin.

Think about these aspects in relation to skin care: The level of activity in the sweat and oil glands affect the type of skin, be it dry, oily or normal. The blood vessels in the dermis serve as the vessels for delivering nutrients to the skin, thus, contributing to its healthy glow.

The Fat Layer

The bottom-most layer of the skin is the fat layer, which is also known as the subcutaneous layer. Its main component is a layer of fat coupled with connective tissues, larger blood vessels and nerve endings. Its main function is to help in body insulation, temperature regulation, and storage of energy as well as a protective padding.

When you choose from a range of facial scrub recipes or organic skin care products, you should look for the ones that penetrate through to the dermis instead of just the epidermis.

Also you should keep in mind that every type of skin has a different reaction to the same skincare ingredient, so choose wisely. This way, the efficacy of the products is multiplied.

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